Środa Śląska – the urban complex with the town hall, the city walls, the ruins of the castle, the Regional Museum with the Środa Treasure
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Środa Śląska – the urban complex with the town hall, the city walls, the ruins of the castle, the Regional Museum with the Środa Treasure

The main square in Środa used to have a peculiar shape. The cloth hall was once located along the axis of the square, on both sides of the main passage. Mentions of the cloth hall date from 1283, but merchants operated in the main square much earlier. In the late 14th century a prison tower was built next to the lateral entrance to the cloth hall. Research indicates that the late-Gothic town hall was added as a storey above the cloth hall and the stalls situated by the tower. The elevations with rich polychromes and a characteristic 15th-century battlement made the structures even more impressive. Today the town hall houses the Regional Museum.

 

A small ducal castle erected in the second half of the 13th century was situated in the north-western part of the medieval town. Made of rubble and lime mortar, the castle had thick walls (the thickness at the base reached 2.5 metre). The dominant component of the stronghold was a cylindrical tower with a diameter of 10 metres. In the late 13th century the brick city walls were joined up with the castle walls. The stronghold was additionally protected by a moat, which was several metres wide. Over the centuries the various owners of the castle would adjust the building to their individual needs. In the 18th century the castle fell into decline, and in 1808 a decision was made to dismantle the walls. A fragment of the walls was preserved on the northern and western sides, along with traces of the wide, partly buried moat.

 

The oldest fragments of the brick perimeter walls surrounding Środa Śląska date from the 14th century. Once the construction was completed, the walls were approximately 4.5-metre high and 1.2-metre wide, with 45 bastle houses and 8 towers. Four of them (Legnicka, Wrocławska, Świdnicka and Rzeźnicza) served as the town’s entrance gates. A double moat served as additional protection. About 1700 metres of the wall have been preserved until today.

 

The Regional Museum in Środa Śląska is housed in a Gothic town hall in the town centre. The entire activity of the museum is focused on conservation and presenting the local past and other interesting cultural events. The former aldermen hall contains a permanent exhibition entitled “Średzkie insygnia cechowe” (the Środa guild insignia), dedicated to the rich history of guilds in Środa. An exhibition entitled “Warsztat – dawne narzędzia do obróbki drewna” (Workshop – old woodworking tools) is situated on the next floor. In the neighbouring prison tower two original cells can be visited. The museum organises temporary exhibitions and offers themed lessons in archaeology, ethnography, history and history of art. Finally, it also contains a display of the most valuable relics which constitute a part of the Środa Treasure.

 

The Regional Museum in Środa Śląska

Pl. Wolności 3, Środa Śląska

Tel. 71 396 09 11

www.muzeumsroda.blogspot.com

muzeum.środa@wp.pl

 

Opening hours:

Tuesday – Friday: 9.30 a.m. – 3.30 p.m.

Saturday – Sunday: 12.00 p.m. – 3.00 p.m.

Tickets: normal ticket 8 zł, concessions 4 zł, on Saturday the entrance is free.

 

During renovation work conducted on a property in Daszyńskiego street in 1985 and 1988, two huge streets of treasure were found: over 3000 silver groschen hidden around 1346, and 3924 silver groschen and 39 golden coins (mostly florins), hidden around the mid-14th century. Golden royal jewels, probably from the treasury of the House of Luxembourg, were also discovered. The most magnificent of the Środa treasures is a golden crown consisting of twelve elements, each decorated with an eagle. It is believed that the jewels were brought to Poland from Sicily, where Charles IV (at that time still known as Wenceslaus) spent his youth at the court of his uncle, Charles IV de Valois, and where he met his wife, Blanche of Valois (a descendant of Charles II of Sicily). She is the one who could have inherited the royal jewels from her ancestors. After Blanche’s death, her spouse, faced with financial difficulties, decided to pawn his wife’s jewels to a Jew from Środa, named Muscho. When Charles’s son, Wenceslaus II, wanted to retrieve the treasure, it was impossible – Muscho had died without having revealed the location of the jewels to anyone.

 

The owner of the treasure is now the National Museum in Wrocław.

Contact:

The Regional Museum in Środa Śląska (Muzeum Regionalne w Środzie Śląskiej)

pl. Wolności 3, Środa Śląska

tel. 71 396-09-11

www.muzeumsroda.blogspot.com

e-mail: muzeum.sroda@wp.pl

 

How to get there:

Środa Śląska is situated 33 km from Wrocław. The estimated time needed to get there is 40 min. To get to Środa Śląska take road no. 94 and follow it until you get to the very town.

 

Visiting:

Opening hours of the museum:

Tuesday – Friday: 9.30 a.m. – 3.30 p.m.

Saturday – Sunday: 12.00 p.m. – 3.00 p.m.

Ticket prices: normal ticket – 8 zł, concessions – 4 zł, on Saturdays the admission is free.

 

Fixed and regular events taking place on the site:

None. 

 

Car parking:

There are some car parks available in the centre of the town.

 

Places to eat:

Restauracja „Stare Miasto”

pl. Wolności 22, 55-300 Środa Śląska

tel. 71 314-60-61, 792-592-704

www.stare-miasto.com.pl

e-mail: biuro@stare-miasto.com.pl

A contact form is available on the website.            

 

Zajazd „Pod Dębami”

Wróblowice, 55-330 Miękinia

tel. 71 369-51-08

www.zajazd-wroblowice.yoyo.pl

There is no e-mail address available.

 

Pizzeria Florencja

ul. Kościuszki 24, 55-300 Środa Śląska

tel. 71  317-50-77

www.pizzeria-florencja.pl

e-mail: wilku.krzysiek@gmail.com

 

Accommodation services:

Hotel Hellon

ul. Wrocławska 86, 55-300 Środa Śląska

tel. 71 317-24-29

www.hotel.hellon.com.pl

e-mail: info@hotel.hellon.com.pl

 

Hotel Centrum

pl. Wolności 37, 55-300 Środa Śląska

tel. 71 317-60-00, 603-684-512

www.hotelcentrum.pl

e-mail: recepcja@hotelcentrum.pl

 

Dom Bankietowo – Gościnny „Pod winną górą”

ul. Sikorskiego 46, 55-300 Środa Śląska

tel. 885-176-463, 500-844-143

www.podwinnagora.pl

e-mail: biuro@podwinnagora.pl

 

Dom Gościnny & Kawiarnia

ul. Wrocławska 22, 55-300 Środa Śląska

tel. 71 317-30-70, 504-052-435

www.noclegiduet.srodasl.pl

e-mail: duet@sroda-slaska.net

 

Tourist Information Office:

Lower Silesian Tourist Information Office (Dolnośląska Informacja Turystyczna)

Sukiennice 12, 50-107 Wrocław

tel. 71 342-01-85

www.wroclaw-info.pl

e-mail: wrocław-info@itwroclaw.pl